Note: The fact sheets are in Portable Document
Format (PDF) and require a compatible reader to view them. We suggest
Adobe Acrobat Reader, which can be downloaded at the Adobe site.
These fact sheets are available in: English, Spanish, French,
Portuguese, German, Polish, Arabic, Chinese, and Serbian. Watch this
space for additions and translations in the future.
"Pain after surgery is a compilation of several unpleasant
sensory, emotional, and mental experiences, associated with autonomic,
endocrine-metabolic, physiological, and behavioral responses." [English]
"Pain is the most common reason for people to seek health
care, and as a presenting complaint, it accounts for more than
two-thirds of visits to the emergency department. Major categories of
acutely painful medical conditions include myofascial back or neck pain,
abdominal pain, headache, chest pain, and pain secondary to
upper-respiratory infections." [English]
"Despite substantial advances in pain research in recent
decades, inadequate acute pain control is still more the rule than the
exception. Numerous studies show that fewer than half of postoperative
patients receive adequate pain relief." [English]
"Opioids target endogenous pain modulation processes. Other
agents such as anticonvulsants influence acute pain by diverse
mechanisms. In postoperative settings, many acute pain management
specialists combine several interventions for 'multimodal analgesia.'"
"Patients with surgery, injury, childbirth, and acute
illness experience pain caused by damage to a variety of tissues.
Commonly injured tissues include skin, muscle, bone, tendons, ligaments,
and visceral organs." [English]
"Evidence supporting acute pain medicine has increased
greatly over the last two decades...Not only has the quantity of
evidence increased, but the quality of that evidence has improved and
the scope of the evidence available has broadened." [English]
"Gaps between evidence and practice are of several types.
Some reflect general barriers to the implementation of evidence-based
and outcomes-driven practice...Other barriers of particular relevance to
optimal acute pain management reflect failure to address long-standing,
prevalent myths about acute pain and the importance of its control." [English]
"In spite of high-quality evidence and sophisticated medical
and nonmedical treatment options, there is widespread underassessment
and undertreatment of acute pain...What should be done to facilitate
implementation of change?" [English]